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      What are the different kinds of pichak knives?

      The variance in pichak knives depends on which purpose were they created for. Whether that is for cutting meat, dough, fruits or for decorative purposes, the main differences will be found in the blades.

      Different kinds of pichak knives and wooden sheaths and boxes

      The main blade types

      Kaiki – the blade turns up slightly at the tip
      Tugri – a straight, arrow like blade
      Tolbargi – the blade resembles a thin willow leaf
      Hisori, Kozoki and Bodomga – almond-shaped blades
      Soyly and Komalyk – single groove along the upper edge of the blade
      Kushkamalak – double grooved blade
      Norin – designed for cutting through dough, hence the name “Norin”, which is an Uzbek variant of beshbarmak
      Kassob – literally a butcher’s knife with an super sharp blade
      Bola pichok – a decorative knife
      Chol-pichok – a pocket knife

      The main handle types

      Dasta Bag – a handle made of hardwood or animal bone embedded with stones, mother- of-pearl or silver
      Herma Dasta – a handle that is a composite of different elements
      Nakshinor Dasta – a handle decorated with floral patterns
      Chilmichgulli Dasta – a handle inlaid with spots of colored tin studs

      Various styles of blades and handles

      The sheath

      All pichak knives come with their own sheath and there are many different kinds, such as metallic or wood based ones, but the most common are embossed black leather sheaths.


      Every respected artisan puts a stamp on his product, the so-called “tamga”. Common motifs include Islamic symbols, such as the crescent moon and stars.

      In many cases, the “tamga” is representative of the town or region where the artisan comes from. The craftsman’s initials can also feature on the blade, usually on the opposite side of the “tamga”.

      A pichak making master in Chust

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